Coseismic ground deformation of the November 26, 2019 M6.4 earthquake of Durrës, Albania estimated by DInSAR

  • Enton Bedini International Institute for Geo-information Science and Earth Observation (ITC), Enschede, The Netherlands
Keywords: Albania, earthquake, Sentinel-1, ground deformation, remote sensing


An earthquake of magnitude 6.4 occurred in Albania on November 26, 2019 at 03:54:12 (local time). The epicenterof the earthquake was about20 km from the coastal city of Durrës. The purpose of this study is toestimate the ground deformation associated with thisearthquakeby Differential Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (DInSAR) technique. A differential interferogram was formed using the two Sentinel-1 Single Look Complex (SLC) images. The flattened and filtered differential interferogram was unwrapped and converted to ground displacement. The results indicatethat in the area close tothe epicentrethe ground is uplifted at a maximum of 8 cm along the radar line-of-sight (LOS). Progressively smaller ground uplift isdetected in an area of about 10-15 km around the major uplift zone. The earthquake could be related with under thrustingof Adria microplate or fault processes within the under thrustedAdria microplate itself. Further monitoring by satellite imagery is needed to investigate the post-seismic ground deformation in the area.


USGS. (2019). Map of the distribution of the shaking intensity of the Durrës earthquake of November 26, 2019. Available:

Meço S. Aliaj A. Geology of Albania. Beiträge zur Regionalen Geologie der Erde, vol. 28, Borntraeger, 246 p, 2000.

Aliaj S. The Albanian orogen: convergence zone between Eurasia and the Adria microplate. In The Adria Microplate: GPS geodesy, tectonics and hazards Dordrecht: Springer, 2006, pp. 133-149.

Velaj T. New ideas on the tectonic of the Kurveleshi anticlinal belt in Albania, and the perspective for exploration in its subthrust. Petroleum, vol. 1, no. 4, pp. 269-288, 2015.

Massonnet D, Rossi M, Carmona C, Adragna F, Peltzer G, Feigl K, Rabaute T. The displacement field of the Landers earthquake mapped by radar interferometry. Nature, vol. 364, no. 6433, p. 138, 1993.

Massonnet D, Feigl KL. Radar interferometry and its application to changes in the Earth's surface. Reviews of Geophysics, vol. 36, no. 4, pp. 441-500, 1998.

Hanssen RF. Radar interferometry: data interpretation and error analysis (Vol. 2). Springer Science & Business Media, 2001.

Atzori S, Hunstad I, Chini M, Salvi S, Tolomei C, Bignami C, Stramondo S, Trasatti E, Antonioli A, Boschi E. Finite fault inversion of DInSAR coseismic displacement of the 2009 L'Aquila earthquake (central Italy). Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 36, no. 15, 2009.

Ouchi K. Recent trend and advance of synthetic aperture radar with selected topics. Remote Sensing, vol. 5, pp. 716-807, 2013.

Boncori JPM. Measuring Coseismic Deformation With Spaceborne Synthetic Aperture Radar: A Review. Frontiers in Earth Science, vol. 7, p. 16, 2019.

Yang C, Han B, Zhao C, Du J, Zhang D, Zhu S. Co-and post-seismic Deformation Mechanisms of the MW 7.3 Iran Earthquake (2017) Revealed by Sentinel-1 InSAR Observations. Remote Sensing, vol. 11, p. 418, 2019.

Torres R, Snoeij P, Geudtner D, Bibby D, Davidson M, Attema E, Potin P, Rommen B, Floury N, Brown M, Traver IN. GMES Sentinel-1 mission. Remote Sensing of Environment, vol. 120, pp. 9-24, 2012.

Yagüe-Martínez N, Prats-Iraola P, Gonzalez FR, Brcic R, Shau R, Geudtner D, Eineder M, Bamler R. Interferometric processing of Sentinel-1 TOPS data. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, vol. 54, pp. 2220-2234, 2016.

Sowter A, Amat MBC, Cigna F, Marsh S, Athab A, Alshammari L. Mexico City land subsidence in 2014–2015 with Sentinel-1 IW TOPS: Results using the Intermittent SBAS (ISBAS) technique. International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation, vol. 52, pp. 230-242, 2016.

Zhou L, Guo J, Hu J, Li J, Xu Y, Pan Y, Shi M. Wuhan surface subsidence analysis in 2015–2016 based on Sentinel-1a data by SBAS-InSAR. Remote Sensing, vol. 9, p. 982, 2017.

Delgado Blasco JM, Foumelis M, Stewart C, Hooper A. Measuring Urban Subsidence in the Rome Metropolitan Area (Italy) with Sentinel-1 SNAP-StaMPS Persistent Scatterer Interferometry. Remote Sensing, vol. 11, p. 129, 2019.

Bedini E. Detection of Ground Subsidence in the City of Durrës, Albania, by Persistent Scatterer Interferometry of Sentinel-1 Radar Imagery. International Journal of Innovative Technology and Interdisciplinary Sciences, vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 297-306, 2019.

De Zan F, Guarnieri AM. TOPSAR: Terrain observation by progressive scans. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, vol. 44, pp. 2352-2360, 2006.

Sousa JJ, Bastos L. Multi-temporal SAR interferometry reveals acceleration of bridge sinking before collapse. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences, vol. 13, pp. 659-667, 2013.

Goldstein RM, Werner CL. Radar interferogram filtering for geophysical applications. Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 25, pp. 4035 – 4038, 1998.

Ekström G, Nettles M, Dziewonski AM. The global CMT project 2004-2010: Centroid-moment tensors for 13,017 earthquakes. Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors, vol. 200-201, pp. 1-9, 2012.

Vu Trieu Minh, Dmitri Katushin, Maksim Antonov, Renno Veinthal. Regression models and fuzzy logic prediction of TBM penetration rate. Open Engineering, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 60-68, 2017.

Vu Trieu Minh, John Pumwa. Modeling and adaptive control simulation for a distillation column. 2012 UKSim 14th International Conference on Computer Modelling and Simulation. pp. 61-65, 2012.

How to Cite
Bedini, E. (2020). Coseismic ground deformation of the November 26, 2019 M6.4 earthquake of Durrës, Albania estimated by DInSAR . International Journal of Innovative Technology and Interdisciplinary Sciences, 3(1), 364-371.